What You Should Know about Sports Physicals

If you are getting ready to sign up for a sport at school, whether it is middle school, high school, or college, you will need a sports physical. Here is why these exist and what happens during each aspect of the physical.

Why they exist

Your school, club, or organization wants to be sure you are physically fit enough to participate in the sport, which is the main reason a physical is required. It allows a physician to look over your general health and ascertain whether or not that sport or activity will be safe to play. It is a safety measure for all participants, whether you seem healthy or not. The physical includes going over your medical history and any procedures you have had, as well as an actual physical exam. The physicians are typically recommended doctors that perform sports physicals for a low cost if you don't have insurance.

What is included in the medical history portion

The first part of the sports physical involves paperwork only. You need to provide the doctor with your complete medical history. If you are a minor, your parents will provide this to the doctor. They need to know about any major illnesses, how often you get sick, and if any diseases run in your family. They also need to know about any surgeries or procedures you have had, including injuries or traumas. They might also ask about conditions like diabetes, asthma, or epilepsy, even if you get treatment for these illnesses. They also ask about allergies and what your current activity level is.

What is involved in the physical exam

Once the doctor reviews your medical history, they will then want to complete a physical exam. This begins with a basic examination, including checking your pulse, blood pressure, height, and weight. They might also check your vision and hearing. The doctor also needs to be sure you are physically fit enough for the sport or activity, so they will also check your heart, lungs, abdomen, ears, throat, and nose. It is also common to check your joints, strength, flexibility, and posture.

These are basic things the doctor is looking for, though your sports physical might vary slightly based on your age, gender, and certain medical conditions. For example, if you have asthma but it is being treated, they might want to ensure you can breathe properly after physical activity. To find walk-in clinics that do physicals, go to sites like this.